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REDUCE YOUR RISK OF BREAST CANCER

Diet and lifestyle…… important risk factors you can control
Although family history is one factor that may increase your risk of breast cancer, but it does not guarantee that you will one day have the disease. In fact, researcher estimate that only about 5-10 percent of breast cancers can be attributed to identified inherited to identified inherited genetic factors some of the choices you make every day can lower your chances of developing the disease.

Body fat

There is a strong evidence that being overweight increases risk of post-menopausal breast cancer. Weight gain in adulthood and weight gain at one’s waist probably increase risk of disease in postmenopausal women. Maintain a healthy weight throughout adulthood by choosing a healthy, mostly plant based diet.

Physical activity

Physical activity of all kinds- walking, swimming, even gardening and vigorous housecleaning protects against post-menopausal breast cancers (as other breast cancer). It is recommended that getting at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity (as brisk enough to raise the heart beat and breathing but not so intense that you cannot carry on a conversation)

Alcoholic drinks

The evidence is strong that women’s risk for breast cancer increases with greater alcohol consumption. For each standard drink a day, there appears to be approximately an 11 percent increase in postmenopausal breast cancer risk. Alcohol intake must therefore be reduced.

Breastfeeding

Evidence is also convincing that breastfeeding protects mothers against both pre- and postmenopausal breast cancer. It is recommended that mothers must breastfeed their infants exclusively for up to 6months.

EARLY DETECTION SAVES LIVES

Breast self-exam (BSE): many women use BSE to detect breast lumps. However, research does not show that BSE by itself reduce the likelihood of dying from breast cancer.

There is no harm in doing a BSE examination once a month, but a regular clinical examination and mammograms can be very helpful.

Clinical breast exam (CBE): during CBE, a trained medical or health professional will carefully feel the breast/chest area and under the arms for lumps or other abnormalities. It is important to know how your breasts usually look and feel. If a lump or abnormality is found, further tests may be recommended.

Note: women in their 20s and 30s should have a clinical breast exam preferably every 3 years. Starting at health age 40, women should have a CBE by a health professional every year.

Mammogram: is it basically an x-ray of breast and the best effective tool for early detection of cancer because it can find tumors that are too small to feel. The national cancer institute recommend that women age 40 or older have screening mammogram every 1-2years.

Mammogram are less likely to find breast tumors in women younger than 50 than in older women. This is because younger women have denser breast tissue, which makes it hard to find.

BE ALERT TO POSSIBLE SYMPTOMS

  • Lump or thickening of the breast
  • Breast pain( although this is usually not an indication of cancer)
  • Dimpling or puckering of the skin
  • Change in skin color or texture
  • Swelling, redness or heat in the breast
  • Discharge from the nipple
  • Scaly skin on or around the nipple

 

 

 
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